N° 57, 2017/3 – Profession: Europe ?
Aux confins des territoires européens, œuvre une nuée de petites mains de l’Europe. Bien loin des institutions bruxelloises, celles-ci travaillent au quotidien à la mise en place de projets financés par les Fonds structurels, font de la veille administrative et politique pour différentes organisations, ou participent à des réseaux d’échanges de bonnes pratiques. S’ils ont tous en commun une composante…
This article aims to specify the careers and profiles of the actors working for the political Europe at the local-national level. The study relies on survey data obtained from a sample of former students of a specialized Master in France. The data analysis allows to draw up a mapping of careers on the periphery of the field of Eurocracy and to situate career in the local national compared to those in Brussels. Results show a trend toward the specialization of careers and the favorable dispositions to the various professional trajectories. Results underline the absence of European vocation of these specialists of European affairs at the local-national level.
This article explores to which extent the involvement in European transnational projects has contributed to the professionalization of the intercultural occupation in the social area. Through the transnationality principle, the European Commission supports economically transnational communities of practice and joint projects managed by voluntary associations and for-profit groups and sub-national authorities based in different European Union (EU) member states. This article shows that in the absence of set of clear-cut standards, practices and routines in the social area, the EU has not contributed to the professionalization of the intercultural profession. The analysis of basic intercultural skills such as intercultural communication and intercultural awareness, shows that intercultural project management has been characterized by a certain amateurism, taking different forms depending on the national and local contexts. In this qualitative comparative study, empirical evidence is drawn from document analysis and in-depth semi-structured interviews with project managers involved in transnational cooperation in France and in the Netherlands.
This article focuses on city officers working on integration policies and who are participating to a working group of a European network of cities, Eurocities. My article puts into question what Europe does to the daily activities of these city officers. Even if European activities are secondary in their daily job, it has consequences on their career and their way of acting in their municipalities. At first sight, legal, political and social norms are ruling the activities of these city officers that weaken their capacities to share common perspective on integration policies. However, with a focus on the more active members of this working group, I demonstrate how Europe is a cognitive resource that city officers use to define their local integration policies.
This article shows that the institutionalisation of a European political space does not lead to the existence of dedicated committees or staff for dealing with European issues within French employers’ organisations. Since 1956, the procedures for monitoring European issues have been regularly reviewed inside those organisations. This article stresses that dedicated European committees are neither an indicator of the Europeanization of national employers’ groups, nor a privileged entry point to study their European activities. It rather sheds light on the competition between different ways of dealing with European topics. Within these organisations, the permanent staff dedicated to European issues are at loggerheads with the rest of the staff when it comes to defining how European issues should be taken care of. In order to legitimise their role in the organisation, the permanent staff act to singularise European issues as ones that require specific knowledge. Doing so, they imbue the organisation with a specific vision of Europe.
There are more and more actors involved in the implementation of European public policies at a local level. This article aims at describing all the ressources and professional roles mobilized by this process. On the basis of the EU cohesion policy example, we will be seeking to find how European policies are implemented. In this perspective, we will pay particular attention to the pratices of stakeholders and how they contribute to the stabilization of new professional roles in local administrations. Such a review will also highlight how the European Union has actually managed to influence the promotion of conditions for the exercise of political power in member states. We will discuss in more details the questions of the emergence of the neo-liberal State and the incrasing role of private experts in the conduct of European public policies.
Romain Pasquier and Julien Weisbein – Postface: Le microscope a-t-il rouillé ? L’analyse des effets infranationaux de l’intégration européenne, quinze ans après…
En 2003, le comité de rédaction de Politique européenne (grâce notamment à Andy Smith qui y participait encore) a accepté la publication d’un dossier présenté par deux politistes sur « L’Europe au microscope du local » et qui deviendra, un an plus tard, le numéro 12 de la revue. Aujourd’hui avec cette livraison dirigée par Fanny Sbaraglia, le « local » (rebaptisé ici « infranational ») est à nouveau…
Emmanuelle Reungoat – John Fitzgibbon, Benjamin Leruth and Nick Startin (eds), Euroscepticism as a Transnational and Pan-European Phenomenon. The Emergence of a New Sphere of Opposition, London-New York, Routledge, 2017, 184 pages.