N° 52, 2016/2 – Varia
Christophe Majastre and Heidi Mercenier – The French Way to a Sociological Approach of Europe One Turn and Three Versions?
This article looks back at the contributions that participated in the sociological turn within French research on Europe. Based on the analysis of these texts, this article looks at their propositions regarding how the production of knowledge on Europe should be organized. Through the analysis of the genealogy they construct, the possibilities of cooperation with alternative approaches, and the construction and selection of research objects, we evidence the presence of three versions within this heterogeneous space of sociological research on Europe: a sociological constructivist version, an idiographic version and a critical version.
Pierre Bocquillon and Aurélien Evrard – Catching up with or getting ahead of Europe? French Renewable Energy Policies and Europeanization Dynamics
France has repeatedly failed to reach its European objectives in terms of renewable electricity consumption. As for the rapid growth of biofuels, it results mainly from the weight and influence of the domestic agriculture sector. Yet, this does not mean that the European integration process has had no influence on French renewable energy policies, although not necessarily in a top-down fashion. In order to account for the interactions between French and European policies, this paper develops an approach centered on the practices and usages of Europe, and explores vertical and horizontal dynamics of Europeanization.
Philippe Perchoc – European Simulations History of an Adaptation at the College of Europe
The increasingly simulation-based approach to European studies creates an opportunity to discuss the origins, context, modalities et transmission mechanism of simulation games. It also serves as a forum to debate the gradual development of a European framework for teaching European studies. The College of Europe in Bruges, the first institution to offer a curriculum entirely dedicated to European integration, played a crucial role in adapting this largely American method to European studies.
Nicolas Hubé, Susana Salgado, Liina Puustinen – The Euro Crisis’ Actors and their Roles Politicization and Personalization of the Press Coverage
This study investigates the depiction and complexity of actors in the print news coverage of the Euro Crisis between 2010 and 2012. Based on an empirical study of 40 newspapers from ten European countries, we examined the role and visibility of different types of actors. We also looked at two important assumptions from the political communication and the European studies’ literature: the trend towards the personalization of political news; and the relapse in Europeanization, which suggests that the Euro Crisis has contributed to further empower both the national governments over the European institutions and some countries over the others. Our main conclusions point to a personalized news coverage, mostly dominated by the views of national political leaders and economic actors. Finally, we discuss some of the reasons behind these features of the news coverage and their implications for the development of European integration and for the actual existence of a European public sphere.
This article studies the development of “European Studies” in Germany since 1945. The quantitative importance of German scholar publications about Europe, leads to the analysis of the factors that favoured an early institutionalization of “European Studies” in Germany. Among them, the existence of significant public support for a “political education” (politische Bildung) on national and European Affairs, but also the means available for the structuring of an active European federalist movement around Europa Union Deutschland and its satellite organizations, are essential for understanding the German rooting of the “European Academy” and “European studies” in general.
This article aims at understanding the transformations of the enlargement policy during the 2000’s. It focuses on the relation between EU’s institutions, analyzes their official statements from 2004 to 2006, and puts emphasis on their interactions and unexpected results. In a context favoring the politicization of the EU enlargement but without allowing the possibility of any official reform, policy tools have been mainly impacted by incremental changes. The process of rethinking the tools led in turn to a comprehensive renewal of the enlargement methodology, bringing fundamental changes. Indeed, the new methodology calls into question one of the key policy components (the pre-accession strategy) and challenges the policy paradigm of conditionality.
Christophe Bouillaud: Mathieu Petithomme, Dépolitiser l’Europe. Comment les partis dominants évitent le conflit sur l’intégration européenne, Paris, L’Harmattan, Coll. « Questionner l’Europe », 2015, 382 pages.