N° 5, 2002/1 – The European Commission: The Dynamics of an Institutional Restructuring

PE5The European Commission: The Dynamics of an Institutional Restructuring

edited by Philippe Rivaud, Andy Smith, 2002/1 (n°5)

 

Philippe Rivaud, Andy Smith – Introduction. The European Commission: The Dynamics of an Institutional Restructuring

 

Thomas Christiansen – Relations between the european commission and the council secretariat : the administrative complex of european governance introduction

Whereas the European Commission has long been regarded as the EUs executive, the Council Secretariat has in recent years acquired siginificant executive powers of its own, in particular in the realm of EU foreign policy. In response to this development, there have been concerns about administrative fragmentation and rivalry and calls for the merger of the executive functions of the two institutions. Against this background, the article charts the relations between the Commission and the Council Secretariat across a range of shared tasks. It concludes that, despite an underlying tension induced by the provisions of the treaty, inter-institutional relations are largely co-operative. It provides a tentative explanation based on the expansion of EU institutions, the growing interconnectedness of EU policy-processes and the strengthening of a ‘supra-institutionalallegiance amongst EU officials.

 

Olivier Costa – The Relations between the Commission and the European Parliament as Seen through the Lens of Parliamentarianism

 

Sabine Saurugger – A fragmented environment : interest groups and the commission’s bureaucratic sectorisation

While an increasing number of academic publications put forth diverse causal variables which determine interest groups attitudes on the European level, few have addressed the question of how bureaucratic sectorisation of the Commission services supports or prevents the emergence of a European form of interest representation. This article argues that country specific styles of interest intermediation interact with EU-level specific opportunity structures, which open or close channels for interest representation. In an increasing number of policy areas, different Commission services share competences. This creates a situation in which bureaucratic competition arises between these services. The main question of the paper is therefore how these internal conflicts influence the emergence of a European form of interest intermediation.

 

Jacques de Maillard – The Commission, Wine, and Reform

 

Nicolas Jabko – Leadership in the European Union: Basic Typology and an Illustration of the Case of the Monetary Union

  

Claudio Dadaelli – The domestic impact of european union public policy: notes on concepts, methods, and the challenge of empirical research

This article builds on the idea - presented by Hassenteufel and Surel (2000) in this journal - that research on Europeanization presents a formidable opportunity to bring EU scholars closer to ‘normal’ political science. By focusing on the Europeanization of public policy, the article reviews the pre-requisites for ‘normal’ analysis, that is, the definition of concepts, the methodology, the identification of research designs, and questions & puzzles amenable to standard public policy analysis. Europeanization involves both vertical (that is, the domestic adaptation to European models) and horizontal (for example, regulatory competition and ‘framing’) mechanisms. Further research would benefit from ‘bottom-up’ research designs which examine Europeanization in the context of other pressures and opportunities available at the domestic level.

 

Young Researchers

 

Dorota Dakowska – Political Foundations as an Instrument of German Foreign and European Policy: The Case of Poland between Transformation and Integration

 

Critical Reading