N° 4, 2001/3 – Mobilizations and Sociopolitical Cleavages in Europe
edited by Didier Chabanet, 2001/3 (n°4)
Didier Chabanet – Mobilizations and Sociopolitical Cleavages in Europe
Donatella Delia Porta – Social movements and new challenges to représentative democracy. A perspective from Italy
In the Fall of 1999, in Oltrarno, the heart of the historical cerner of Florence, a small group of citizens collect 1000 signatures in a pétition that attacks the timidity of the center-left local government in facing growing pollution. The pétition présents a long séries of spécifie demands to reduce the number of polluting cars, increase the repression of the violations of the traffic rules…
Richard Balme, Didier Chabanet – European Social Dialogue and Transformations in Collective Negotiations
This comparative survey of the historical, institutional and policy aspects of regional construction in Brittany and Languedoc-Roussillon illustrates the paradigm shift in the nature and functions of the state and the emergence of a new kind of territorial politics outline in the first part of this paper. Paradoxically, the twin evolutions of the state and the European community have produced radically different results in the two regions. During the ‘Trente Glorieuses’, both Brittany and Languedoc-Roussillon underwent significant transformation socially and economically. Brittany managed to transform itself through the adoption of intensive farming, the arrival of large industry, and the scaling down of its traditional sector. Languedoc-Roussillon was also transformed by the same forces but went from mass wine production, through an economic crisis, and into more customised production of quality wine. The ‘region within the nation-state’ framework, even if its boundaries are contested, was a positive one for Brittany during the first period. Europe was largely absent. For Languedoc-Roussillon, on the other hand, it was essentially negative, exacerbating existing conflicts and creating new ones (for example, with the arrival of Front National politicians into the regional assembly).
Hélène Baeyens – Teaching European Unification from the 1950s to 1998: A Contribution to the Debate about European Citizenship and Identity. A Constructivist and Conflictual Approach to the European Identity