N° 4, 2001/3 – Mobilizations and Sociopolitical Cleavages in Europe

PE4Mobilisations and Sociopolitical Cleavages in Europe

edited by Didier Chabanet, 2001/3 (n°4)

 

Didier Chabanet – Mobilizations and Sociopolitical Cleavages in Europe

 

Stefano Bartolini – The Structure of National Cleavages and the Issue of Integration into the European Union

 

Bruno Cautrès – Will It Be Difficult or Impossible for a European Electorate to Emerge?

 

Donatella Delia Porta – Social movements and new challenges to représentative democracy. A perspective from Italy

In the Fall of 1999, in Oltrarno, the heart of the historical cerner of Florence, a small group of citizens collect 1000 signatures in a pétition that attacks the timidity of the center-left local government in facing growing pollution. The pétition présents a long séries of spécifie demands to reduce the number of polluting cars, increase the repression of the violations of the traffic rules…

 

Julien Weisbein – The Militant and the Expert: Civic Associations Faced with the European Political System

 

Richard Balme, Didier Chabanet – European Social Dialogue and Transformations in Collective Negotiations

 

John Loughlin – The transformation of the state and the new territoral politics in western Europe

This comparative survey of the historical, institutional and policy aspects of regional construction in Brittany and Languedoc-Roussillon illustrates the paradigm shift in the nature and functions of the state and the emergence of a new kind of territorial politics outline in the first part of this paper. Paradoxically, the twin evolutions of the state and the European community have produced radically different results in the two regions. During the Trente Glorieuses, both Brittany and Languedoc-Roussillon underwent significant transformation socially and economically. Brittany managed to transform itself through the adoption of intensive farming, the arrival of large industry, and the scaling down of its traditional sector. Languedoc-Roussillon was also transformed by the same forces but went from mass wine production, through an economic crisis, and into more customised production of quality wine. The region within the nation-state framework, even if its boundaries are contested, was a positive one for Brittany during the first period. Europe was largely absent. For Languedoc-Roussillon, on the other hand, it was essentially negative, exacerbating existing conflicts and creating new ones (for example, with the arrival of Front National politicians into the regional assembly).

 

Young Researchers

 

Hélène Baeyens – Teaching European Unification from the 1950s to 1998: A Contribution to the Debate about European Citizenship and Identity. A Constructivist and Conflictual Approach to the European Identity

 

Critical Reading

 

Muriel ROUYER – La question de l’Etat européen