N° 3, 2001/2 – The Expansion of the European Union. Or the Construction of a Problematized Political Object
Sabine Saurugger – Introduction
In order to understand why EU policy accommodates the preferences of the countries of central and eastern Europe (CEECs) to a greater extent than an account based purely on material selfish interests on the part of the EU would expect, we need to take ideational factors into account. The EU’s discursively constructed collective identity towards the CEECs inclines policy-makers acting on behalf of the EU towards accommodating the CEECs’ preferences. However, as the EU’s policy towards the CEECs is a ‘composite policy’, a crucial mediating factor are the policy paradigms that underpin EU policy in the various sub-areas covered by its policy towards the CEECs.
Nieves Pérez-Solorzano Borragan – Organised interest in central and eastern Europe. Towards gradual europeanisation?
Recent research on the impact of the EU’s Eastward Enlargement in the domestic politics of Central and Eastern Europe has focused on institutional and economic restructuring, adoption of the acquis communautaire and party politics with little attention to the implications for civil society dynamics and the development of organised interest representation. The aim of this article is to contribute to the current debate among academics and practitioners alike by offering a non-fragmented, domestic and transnational approach to the study of interest politics in the new democracies through the study of the increasingly Europeanising activity undertaken by interest groups.
This article analyzes and compares the German and Austrian national response strategies to the liberalization of service provision in the European Union. This liberalization, brought about by efforts to create a Single Market, has enabled the transnational provision of services without initially clarifying the wage and labor conditions applicable to workers posted to other member states. The national legislative re-regulatory measures or response strategies are crucially colored by the internal configuration and relative power of labor market interest associations, i.e. unions and employers’ associations. The article highlights organizational deficiencies of the unions in a neocorporatist system commonly considered “medium” strength and contrasts and compares these with the union organization in “strongly” neocorporatist Austria.
Svetlozar A. Andreev – Consolidation of democracy in eastern Europe and a possible way of measuring it
The author of this article is a Bulgarian national, who is currently in the final year of his Ph. D. studies at the European University Institute in Florence. The focus of his research is the democratisation of the post-communist states of Eastern Europe, and particularly the process of consolidation of democracy, which presents a crucial phase in the evolution of the political systems of these…