N° 15, 2005/1 – The Expanded European Union. Actors and Processes
edited by Dorota Dakowska, Laure Neumayer, 2005/1 (n°15)
Dorota Dakowska, Laure Neumayer – Introduction: Rethinking the Impact of Membership in the European Union
Sonia Piedrafita, José I. Torreblanca – The three logics of EU enlargement : interests identities and arguments
In this article we examine three different ways to approach the study of EU Eastern enlargement process: first, from a utility-maximising perspective, second, from the values stemming from EU’s collective identity, and finally, using a deliberative framework. More specifically, we look at whether each of these different rationales can explain the decision to enlarge, the selection of the candidates and the opening of negotiations. In our conclusions, we argue that while an instrumental logic can account for a good deal of EU member states’actions, a logic of justification has a great potential to explain why member states have felt obliged to refer their actions not to material interests but to norms and principles accepted by all.
The paper addresses the question how concrete interests have shaped the outcome of the accession negotiations between the European Union and the Central East European applicant countries. Despite the general principle according to which the acquis communautaire is binding for both current and new member states from the date of enlargement on, a number of relevant exceptions have been made. In our paper we address two such exceptions in the fields of competition policy and free movement of labor. We ask about the rationale for the transition periods in these areas, the influence of interest groups, and draw conclusions concerning the overall balance of forces in an enlarged European Union.
Vello Pettai, Viljar Veebel – Navigating between policy and populace : Estonia, its accession referendum and the EU convention
The Convention on the Future of Europe represented an unprecedented test of the EU’s capacity for deliberation and political consensus formation. In the candidate countries of the time, this challenge was even greater given the coterminous tasks of completing accession and facing a popular referendum. In Estonia’s case, we argue that the promise of the Convention’s deliberative process was largely lost, since not only was there a gulf between state administration and civil society, but also within the state to the extent that most policy was formed by a narrow set of civil servants working in the Eurointegration Office.
Alexandra Goujon – An Expanded Europe in Search of Identity