N° 14, 2004/3 – Teaching Europe
edited by Didier Georgakakis, Andy Smith, 2004/3 (n°14)
Didier Georgakakis, Andy Smith – Educating Europe
Peter H. Loedel, John Occhiphinti – Europe matters teaching the EU in the US
Writing in their capacity as chairs of the European Union Studies Association’s group on ‘Teaching Europe ‘, these two authors retrace the history, current situation and challenges of teaching on the European Union in the USA. They underline in particular how, at the end of the 1980s, a combination of the relaunch of European integration and the fall of the Berlin wall led to a rise in student and academic interst in this subject. However, in order to sustain the interest of students once in the classroom, innovative teaching techniques and linking this subject matter to current geopolitical issues are often necessary. Indeed, teaching the EU is seen as a crucial means of enlightening young Americains about views on world politics which differ from those of their own government.
Céline Belot – Teaching European Integration in Switzerland
Jean-Baptiste Harguindéguy – Teaching about Europe at the European University Institute
Céline Belot, Claire Brachet – Executive Summary. Teaching Europe through the Jean Monnet Action Program: Taking Stock and Issues for Reflection
“Europe” played a significant role in the rise of right-wing populism in Austria, by representing first a counter example to the Austrian model and subsequently an external threat, both of which allowed the right-wing populist Freedom Party to mobilize people and form a disparate coalition of voters. As this article argues however, this was less a question of ideology. As principally a populist party concerned with maximizing its success at the game of elections, the FPÖ always flexibly adapted its position to take advantage of the political opportunities that presented themselves in an evolving Union and a changing Europe. However, the Freedom Party was only able to do so because its leadership, especially Jörg Haider, was keenly aware of the ambiguity in the relationship between Austria and Europe, benefiting from Austria’s historical skepticism of Western modernity, its relative isolation from Atlanticist Europe, its ambivalence toward liberal market economies, and its lack of national identity. For all parties in Austrian politics, “Europe” thus served as an escape mechanism, an instrument of political mobilization, and an image projecting either modernity or an alien threat.